A burse is a fluid filled sac that decreases friction between two tissues. Burse are commonly found near a joint, and act as lubricating structures between tendon and bone.

There are two major bursae in the hip that typically become irritated and inflamed. One bursa covers the bony point of the hip bone called the greater trochanter. Inflammation of this bursa is called trochanteric bursitis. Another bursa — the iliopsoas bursa — is located on the inside (groin side) of the hip. When this bursa becomes inflamed, the condition is also sometimes referred to as hip bursitis, but the pain is located in the groin area. This condition is not as common as trochanteric bursitis, but is treated in a similar manner.

There are several bursa in the foot and ankle region. The most common are the retrocalcaneal bursa, subcutaneous calcaneal bursa, and subcutaneous bursa of the medial malleolus. The retrocalcaneal bursa is located between the Achilles tendon and calcaneus (heel) bone. Direct or repetitive trauma such as consistent rubbing or friction can produce bursitis in this area. The subcutaneous calcaneal bursa, also called the Achilles bursa, is lower down near the heel. The subcutaneous bursa of the medial malleolus is located below the edge of the medial malleolus. Tight athletic footwear can produce rubbing and bursitis in this area

Common conditions of the leg bursa include:

  • Achilles Bursitis
  • Retrocalcaneal Bursitis
  • Bursitis of the Medial Malleolus
  • Calcaneal Bursitis
  • Metatarsal Bursitis
  • Intermetatarsal Bursitis
  • Metatarsophalangeal Bursitis
  • Trochanteric Bursitis
  • Ischial Bursitis
  • Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome
  • Trochanteric Bursitis
  • Iliopsoas Bursitis

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