Bowling is an activity enjoyed by men and women, adults and children alike. Whether pursuing the game professionally, or just enjoying some fun with the family, bowling can create opportunities for injuries to occur. The movements necessary for bowling put repetitive stress on the structures of the upper extremity particularly the wrist, elbow and shoulder joints.

Performing the same activities over an over again can cause wear and tear on the structures of the body most active when participating in bowling. In addition to the upper extremity, the areas of the body most prone to bowling-related injuries include the back, knee and hip.

A medical professional specifically trained in the treatment of sports-related injuries, like a sports physical therapist, should be consulted to properly diagnose a bowling injury and determine the best course of treatment.

Bowling Injury Prevention and Performance

The best way to avoid bowling injuries is to work to strengthen the muscles and other structures most active in playing the sport. It is also important to make sure that the bowling ball is appropriately fitted and the right size for the bowler.

Other ways to avoid injury include:

  • Strengthening of the muscles of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, and hand will help decrease the risk of upper extremity injuries.
  • Proper grip size on the ball.
  • Appropriately size the hole in the ball to properly accommodate the thumb.
  • Proper bowling technique
  • Core, lower extremity, and balance training, especially for young women at an increased risk of lower extremity injury.
  • Proper footwear to decrease the number of knee, ankle and foot injuries
  • Warm-up designed by a sports health professional.

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